Currently exhibited in Tennessee, USA.
The name appaloosa comes from the French.
The Canadian-French trappers arrived in a region full of grass and they called it “la pelouse” (the grass, in French). The name was then used by the Native American who understood it as La Palouse (nowadays, it’s still the name of the river and waterfalls).
The Nez Perce tribe (also a name given by the French, “nez percé” means “pierced nose” because this Native American tribe had face ornaments) started to breed the horses. Appaloosas due to their stains have a natural camouflage which was appreciated by the Native American.
The Nez Perce people and their horses lived near the river called La Palouse, and so those horses were called “appaloosas”